With the ONE POUR Brackets by PRO-footer® you're not limited to the size of a concrete cookie. If the hole needs to be bigger to increase the diameter of the footings to compensate for soil strength and insure adequate pole barn footers, it's not a problem using ONE POUR Brackets by PRO-footer®. They provide the ultimate flexibility when setting pole barn posts.
Read the following on concrete cookies and soil strength.
Pole Building Footings and Frost Depth: There are some out there who make cookies work on paper, by using an assumed presumptive load-bearing value for soil of 3000 psf (pounds per square foot).
The 2012 IBC (International Building Code) deals with the specifics of Soils and Foundations. With Section 1806 dedicated to Presumptive Load-Bearing Values of Soils.
From IBC 1806.1 Load combinations:
The presumptive load-bearing values provided in Table 1806.2 shall be used with the allowable stress design load combinations specified in Section 1605.3. The values of vertical foundation pressure and lateral bearing pressure given in Table 1806.2 shall be permitted to be increased by one-third where used with the alternative load combinations of Section 1605.3 that include wind or earthquake loads.
IBC 1806.2 Presumptive load-bearing values.
The load-bearing values used in design for supporting soils near the surface shall not exceed the values specified in Table 1806.2 unless data to substantiate the use of higher values are submitted and approved. Where the building official has reason to doubt the classification, strength or compressibility of the soil, the requirements of Section 1803.5.2 shall be satisfied.
“Where the classification, strength or compressibility of the soil is in doubt or where a load-bearing value superior to that specified in this code is claimed, the building official shall be permitted to require that a geotechnical investigation be conducted.”
Presumptive load-bearing values shall apply to materials with similar physical characteristics and dispositions. Mud, organic silt, organic clays, peat or unprepared fill shall not be assumed to have a presumptive load-bearing capacity unless data to substantiate the use of such a value are submitted.
Exception: A presumptive load-bearing capacity shall be permitted to be used where the building official deems the load-bearing capacity of mud, organic silt or unprepared fill is adequate for the support of lightweight or temporary structures.
So, if the Building Official doesn’t believe the numbers being assumed, he can require (not request) the hiring of a soils engineer to validate the soil strength.
TABLE 1806.2 PRESUMPTIVE LOAD-BEARING VALUES
|CLASS OF MATERIALS||VERTICAL FOUNDATION PRESSURE (psf)||LATERAL BEARING PRESSURE
(psf/ft below natural grade)
|LATERAL SLIDING RESISTANCE|
|Coefficient of frictiona||Cohesion (psf)b|
|1. Crystalline bedrock||12,000||1,200||0.70|
|2. Sedimentary and foliated rock||4,000||400||0.35||—|
|3. Sandy gravel and/or gravel (GW and GP)||3,000||200||0.35||—|
|4. Sand, silty sand, clayey sand, silty gravel and clayey gravel (SW, SP, SM, SC, GM and GC)||2,000||150||0.25||—|
|5. Clay, sandy clay, silty clay, clayey silt, silt and sandy silt (CL, ML, MH and CH)||1,500||100||—||—|
While GW and GP type soils do exist, they most certainly do not predominate. In most instances, 2000 psf or even 1500 psf soils are much more likely to be the case.
The entire goal is to end up with footings beneath columns which are adequately sized in diameter so the building will not settle under its own weight plus the design snow (or roof) load.
Think of soil strength as being directly the inverse of how easy it is to dig a hole. If it digs easy, the footings are going to be larger in size. If in doubt, play it safe, a few extra yards of pre-mix concrete to increase the diameter of footings (ONE POUR Brackets by PRO-footer® offer this flexibility), is a small price to pay!